NATIONAL SPORT ACADEMY<br />"VASSIL LEVSKI"

Theory and methods of sport training

Management of the branch


Teachers- Full Prof. Daniela Dasheva, D.Sc. ; Full Prof. Svilen Nejkov, Ph.D. ; Assoc. prof. , Ph.D. ; Assoc. prof. Michail Michailov , Ph.D.
Teachers- Full Prof. Tzvetan Jeljazkov, D.Sc. ; Assoc. prof. , Ph.D.
Sector manager - Assoc. prof. Ph.D. Michail Michailov

Programme - Teacher's faculty Programme - Coaches faculty Programme - Faculty of kinesitherapy

Subject

Theory and methodology of Sports Training

Compulsory

Prof. Daniela Dasheva, PhD,.D. Sc.

Theory

Total 60 hours        Semester V and VI

Practicals and seminars

Total 30.hours        Semester V and VI

Contents

METHODOLOGICAL FUNDAMENTS OF SPORTS TRAINING

I. NATURE AND FUNCTION OF CONTEMPORARY SPORT

I.1. Sport as Social Phenomenon

I.2. Olympism and High Sports Performance.

I.3. Regularities and Tendencies in the Development of Sports Performance.

II.. THEORY OF SPORTS AS A SYSTEM OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE

II.1. Content and Structure of Sports Theory.

II.2. Nature of Systematic Approach and its Methodological Importance for the Sports Theory and Practice.

II.3. Contemporary Systems of Sports Preparation.

II.3.1. Characteristics. Basic Structures.

II.3.2. Genotype /Hereditary/ Factors.

II.3.3. Phenotype Factors.

II.3.4. Material and Technical Factors.

II.3.5. Management Factors.

III. ESSENCE OF SPORTS TRAINING

III.1. Basic concepts.  Short Historical Analysis.

III.2. Training as a complex adaptation process          

III.2.1. Definition of the problem. Basic concepts.

III.2.2. Activity and specifics of the adaptation process.

III.2.3. Main stages and phases of the physical activity adaptation process      

III.3. Training as a Process of Management.

III.3.1. General methodological problems.

III.3.2. Management as an information process.

V. load, Fatigue and recovery

V.1. Nature of Training load.

V.1.1. Methodology main theories  

V.1.2. Load structure.

V. 1.3. Specific nature of optimal training loads.

V.2. Fatigue and Recovery.

V.2.1. Fatigue as a function of training load.

V.2.2. Recovery as a function of fatigue.

V. TRAINED STATE AND TOP FORM

V.1. Trained state as a steady adaptation of the body.

V.1.1. Main meanings 

V.1.2. Morphological and functional changes in muscles under the influence

           of training         

V.1.3. Adaptation of the energy transfer and supply systems

V.2. Top form as a specific adaptation phenomenon.

VI. MEANS, METHODS AND PRINCIPLES OF SPORTS TRAINING

VI.1. Means of Training

VI.2. Methods of Training.

VI.3. Principles of Training

VI.3.1. Tendency for Maximum Sports Performance.

VI.3.2. Continuity of Training Process.

VI.3.3. Adequacy and Conformity of Training Process.

VI.3.4. Unity of General and Specific Preparation.

VI.3.5. Cyclic Character of Training Process.

VI.3.6. Unity of the Training and Competitive Processes.

 

SPECIALISED PARTS OF SPORTS TRAINING.

VI. THEORY AND METHODOLOGY OF STRENGTH TRAINING

VI.1. The strength as a motor ability of the human being        

VI.1.1. Mains meaning.

VI.1.2. Factors of muscle strength     

VI.2. Methodology of strength training

VI.2.1. Main principles.

VI.2.2. Methods for developing of the strength endurance.

VII.2.3. Methods for developing of the maximal strength        

VI.2.4. Methods for developing of the dynamic strength        

VI.3. Strength preparation in an annual cycle

VI. THEORY AND METHODOLOGY OF ENDURAMCE TRAINING

VIII.1. The endurance as a motor ability of the human being

VIII.1.1. Means meanings                              

VIII.1.2. Factors of endurance                                   

VIII.2. Methodology for developing of the endurance 

VIII.2.1. Basic principles                                                       

VIII.2.2. Methods for developing of aerobic the capacities     

VIII.2.3. Methods for developing of the anaerobic capacities

VIII.3. The work load for endurance in an annual cycle

IX. THEORY AND METHODOLOGY OD SPEED TRAINING

IX.1. Speed as a motor ability of human being.

IX.1.1. Means meanings.

IX.1.2. Factors of speed.

IX.2. Methodology for Speed Development.

IX.2.1. Basic concepts..

IX.2.2. Means and Methods for Speed Development.

IX.3. The work load for speed in an annual cycle.

X. THEORY AND METHODOLOGY OF AGYLITY TRAINING

X.1. Agility as a motor ability of human being.

X.2. Factors of agility.

X.3. Methods for the Development of Agility.

XI. THEORY AND METHODOLOGY OF THE FLEXIBILITY TRAINING

XI.1. Flexibility as a motor ability of human being

XI.2. Factors of flexibility.

XI.3.Methods for the Development of Flexibility.

XII. FUNDAMENTALS OF TECHNICAL PREPARATION.

XII.1. Nature of Technique Preparation.

XII.1.1. Basis Concepts.

XII.1.2. Characteristics Features of the Technique in Different Sports.

XII.2. Goals and Contents of the Technical Preparation.

XII.2.1. Nature of the Technical Preparation.

XII.2.2. Main stages of Technical Preparation.

XIII. FUNDAMENTALS OF TACTICAL PREPARATION.

XIII.1. Nature of Sports tactics.

XIII.1.1. Basis Concepts.

XIII.1.2. Elements of Sport Tactics

XIII.2. Content of Sports Tactics.

XIII.2.1. Aim and Tasks of Tactical Preparation.

XIII.2.2. Means and Methods of Tactical Preparation.

 

CONSTRUCTION AND MANAGEMENT OF TRAINING PROCESS

XIV. PROGRAMMING OF TRAINING PROCESS.

XIV.1. Methodology of Programming.

XIV.2. Applied Aspects of Programming.

XV. PERIODIZATION OF TRAINING PROCESS.

XV.1. Basis Concepts.

XV.2. Macrostructure of the Training Process.

XV.2.1. Characteristics of One-Cycle Preparation.

XV.2.2. Characteristics of Two-Cycle Preparation.

XV.2.3. Characteristics of Three-Cycle Preparation.

XV.3. Mesostructure of the Training Process.

XV.4. Microstructure of the Training Process.

XV.4.1. Structure of Training Sessions.

XV.4.2. Structure of Training Microcycles.

XVI. Specific features of THE Sports training in non specific conditions

XVI.1. The influence of the high altitude on the sports working capacity          

XVI.2. Methodological and practical principles of the altitude training

XVI.2.1. Altitude training during the preparatory period.

XVI.2.2. Altitude training during the competitive period.

XVI.2.3. Altitude training during the transitory period.

XVI.3. Influence of the time differences on the sports working ability

XVI.4. Influence of the temperature of the environment on the working ability

XVI.4.1. Training in high temperature.

XVI.4.2. Training in low temperature.

XVII.CONTROL OF THE TRAINING PROCESS.

XVII.1. General Methodological Problems.

XVII.2. Control of the Training load Dose- Effect.

XVII.3. Control of the Trained Sate Cumulative Effect.

XVII.3.1. Control of the Functional Fitness

XVII.3.2. Control of Technical Preparation.

XVII.3.3.Control of Tactical Preparation.

Objectives

The module of Theory and Methodology of Sports training dial with the basic theoretical-methodological and practical aspects of the contemporary training as a complex process of adaptation. They reflect the interdisciplinary character of the scientific and practical activity in the sphere of the top-level sport and the necessity of a solid methodological and special training of the professionals in this area. The main topics are: contemporary concepts for the basic stages and phases of the adaptation process; the nature of stress and the influence of different stress factors on the personality of the sportsman; the interrelationship among the quantity, the character and the orientation of the training loading, as well as the principles for their implementation; the specifics of the short-term and long-term adaptation and their specific components - the processes of the fatigue, recovery and the respective adaptation condition state of training and top level form; the specifics of the adaptation process in the strength sports; sports for endurance; speed and complex coordination sports; problems of periodization; adaptation process in nonspecific conditions highlands, climatic, geographic.                                                                     

Methods

Lectures, discussions, practical tasks, situation tasks

Assessment

Writen

 

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